Journal archives for April 2022

April 01, 2022

Likely New Species & Subspecies of Social Wasps

Hi all,

Through the course of my studies, I've been able to document a number of observations on iNaturalist that are likely to represent new species or subspecies unknown to science. I have neither the time nor the resources to describe them, so I am compiling them here in the hopes that someone else will be able to.

1 - Vulgaris-Group Vespula in the Sierra Madre Oriental, Mexico

This population of very melanic "Vespula maculifrons" were originally pointed out to me by @caseyborowskijr. It appears to be isolated from the typical color form of V. maculifrons by the Rio Grande river valley. This population is likely to be a new species, or a new subspecies of Vespula maculifrons (or possibly Vespula akrei). I tried to write a species description for this population in 2018 but it was rejected because I was unable to gather any genetic data. I know there are specimens of this population at the Cornell University Insect Collection. I have stacked dorsal, lateral, and anterior photos if anyone wants them. They appear on page 94 of my wasp book under the name Vespula maculifrons.
Workers + Nest (COAH) - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/12098028 @arturoc
Workers + Nest (COAH) - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/4926227 @arturoc
Queen (NL) - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/12849173 @ignacio_a_rodriguez
Worker (NL) - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/27358874 @aztekium
Worker (NL) - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/6388561 @ignacio_a_rodriguez
Worker (NL) - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/11354313 @ignacio_a_rodriguez
Worker (NL) - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/4103176 @panza_rayada
Worker (NL) - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/10350676 @elsahdzrdz
Worker (QRO) - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/51815817 @idlegrraphics
Worker (VER) - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/9227903 @camamed
Worker (VER) - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/8991909 @camamed

2 - Vulgaris-Group Vespula in the Southeastern Rockies, USA

This population of very xanthic "Vespula alascensis" queens were originally pointed out to me by @caseyborowskijr and @jacobsonbob. Most V. alascensis queens have much less yellow on T2. As far as we know, the workers and males of this population look identical to typical V. alascensis. This population is likely to be a new color form or maybe a new subspecies of Vespula alascensis.
Queen (WY) - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/56432317 @go_outside
Queen (CO) - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/50193062 @bobw75
Queen (CO) - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/49979817 @mlodinow
Queen (CO) - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/43510346 @bug_eric
Queen (CO) - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/27651784 @asaraha
Queen (CO) - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/24196087 @bug_eric
Queen (CO) - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/23528573 @heidi_eaton
Queen (CO) - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/23409418 @ceuthophilus
Queen (CO) - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/12947100 @blazeclaw
Queen (CO) - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/7223682 @andrewcore
Queen (CO) - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/7054216 @mlodinow
Queen (CO) - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/3326043 @bug_eric
Queen (NM) - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/104721995 @tomkennedy
Queen (NM) - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/3265648 @briannsmithnz
Queen (AZ) - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/26359947 @mccreedy

3 - Polistes (Aphanilopterus) in South Andros, Bahamas

This population of reddish Polistes (subgenus Aphanilopterus) is only known from a single iNaturalist observation, but its coloration is distinct from every other known Polistes in the literature. It is likely a new species endemic to Andros Island and a sister taxon to Polistes bahamensis. Andros Island is critically undersampled, so I wouldn't be surprised if there were several new species of Polistes hidden within its mangrove forests.
Female - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/26069919 @readingbrainbow

4 - Polistes (Fuscopolistes) in Central and Eastern Mexico

This is a population of red Polistes (subgenus Fuscopolistes) in eastern and central Mexico. It likely represents either a new population of Polistes carolina or a new species. Or, there may be several different species mixed together. It's difficult to tell from photos. However, there are no documented red Fuscopolistes from central or eastern Mexico.
Female (COAH) - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/51436774 @jesusnc25
Female (SLP) - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/10195236 @bodofzt
Female (SLP) - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/10280481 @bodofzt
Male (HGO) - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/31519388 @cris-tzabcan
Female (HGO) - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/29398488 @carmengalindo
Female (HGO) - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/15536557 @edgarsrmzc19
Female (AGS) - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/61060050 @najera_tutor
Female (AGS) - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/32245406 @najera_tutor

5 - Mischocyttarus (Phi) in Central Mexico

This is a population of red Mischocyttarus (subgenus Phi) in central Mexico. There are no other species that look like this. It likely represents a new species endemic to the southern Mexican plateau.
Female (SLP) - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/50047161 @luisstevens
Male (JAL) - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/18806614 @ehecatlheloderm

6 - Polistes (Palisotius) in Central Mexico

This is a population of red Polistes (subgenus Palisotius) in central Mexico. It likely represents a new subspecies of Polistes major, or a significant range extension of Polistes major castaneicolor (which is known from Arizona and Sonora).
Male (GTO) - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/55540783 @eric1133
Male (MICH) - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/23820908 @alejandromijangosbetanzos
Male (MEX) - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/116210032 @ehecatlheloderm
...and possibly these as well:
Female (MICH) - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/18591912 @ekdelval
Females + Nest (MICH) - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/24076539 @adidjimenez
Females + Nest (JAL) - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/35329836 @tecmm_lagos

7 - Polistes (Aphanilopterus) in Baja California Sur, Mexico

This population of dark Polistes (subgenus Aphanilopterus) is only known from a single iNaturalist observation, but its coloration is distinct from every other known Polistes in the literature. It is likely to be a new color form or subspecies of Polistes lineonotus. This color form appears on page 160 of my wasp book under the name Polistes lineonotus.
Female - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/36446215 @donnamiller

8 - Polistes (Aphanilopterus) in Southern Mexico

This is a population of dark Polistes (subgenus Aphanilopterus) in south-central Mexico. It is darker than Polistes canadensis and it has darker markings on its antennae than Polistes franciscanus. It likely represents a new species (or a subspecies of Polistes canadensis) endemic to the region.
Female (OAX) - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/94674811 @jared-near
Female (GRO) - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/105791506 @zihuadean
Female (GRO) - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/64822668 @elielziga

9 - Polistes (Aphanilopterus) in Central America

This is a population of dark Polistes (subgenus Aphanilopterus) with white wing tips from the Sierra Madre of southern Mexico and Central America. They mimic the warning color pattern Parachartergus wasps. One Neotropical species, Polistes apicalis, can have white wing tips in parts of its range in South America. However, Polistes apicalis never has white wings in northern South America or Central America. The location of this population makes it likely to represent a new species. This population was originally pointed out to me by @matthias22.
Females + Nest (OAX) - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/15309118 @d_b
Females + Nest (El Salvador) - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/63589754 @cugel

10 - Polistes (Aphanilopterus) in Guatemala

This is a population of red-and-black Polistes (subgenus Fuscopolistes) from central Guatemala. They superficially resemble Polistes metricus from the eastern USA, but they are geographically isolated and their habitat is completely different. This population likely represents a new species endemic to Guatemala.
Female (GT) - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/104607429 @henryzulu
Male - (GT) https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/88696108 @saban-sequen
Female - (GT) https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/66444964 @gpasch
Female - (GT) https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/84492664 @juanitoescamilla

11 - Polistes (Aphanilopterus) from Costa Rica to Colombia

This is a population of red-and-black Polistes (subgenus Aphanilopterus) with bright yellow spots on the propodeum found from Costa Rica to Colombia. Its coloration is distinct from every other known Polistes in the literature, and it likely represents a new species as a sister taxon to Polistes versicolor.
Female (CR) - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/104538251 @bernalarce
Female (PA) - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/85582460 @kentvanvuren
Female (PA) - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/59195952 @ocm
Female (CO) - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/66482299 @luisfranciscomadrin

@matthias22 @pedro3111 @jonathan142 @jfmantis @susanna_h @caseyborowskijr @benjamin189 @ineeley @aliandbrice @barthelemy @villu @johnascher @raycama @brandonh

Please let me know if you discover anything new about these populations, or if you describe any of them as new species!

Yours in Wasps,
Chris Alice Kratzer

P.S. I forgot what day it was. This is not an April Fool's prank.

Posted on April 01, 2022 06:26 PM by humanbyweight humanbyweight | 10 comments | Leave a comment

April 03, 2022

QUEEN EMERGENCE SALE

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Posted on April 03, 2022 05:26 PM by humanbyweight humanbyweight | 3 comments | Leave a comment

April 29, 2022

Cicadas at the Staten Island Museum

Similar to what I did at Cornell*, on 4/29/2022 I was able to photograph many (but nowhere near all) of the identified North American Cicadid specimens in the William T. Davis collection at the Staten Island Museum. I prioritized uploading photos of species that have 5 or fewer observations on iNaturalist. See below for the full list.
*(see https://www.inaturalist.org/journal/humanbyweight/62838-cicadas-at-the-cuic)

CICADETTINAE
Carineta postica - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/113572285
Carineta trivittata - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/113572286
Herrera lugubrina compostelensis - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/113572289
Herrera lugubrina lugubrina - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/113572290
Cicadettana camerona - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/113572283

CICADINAE: CRYPTOTYMPANINI
Cacama californica
Cacama carbonaria - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/113573927
Cacama furcata - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/113573929
Cacama maura - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/113573937
Diceroprocta alacris campechensis - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/113578607
Diceroprocta albomaculata - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/113578610
Diceroprocta arizona - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/113578609
Diceroprocta bibbyi - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/113578615
Diceroprocta bicosta - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/113578623
Diceroprocta bulgara - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/113578624
Diceroprocta caymanensis - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/113578630
Diceroprocta cleavesi - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/113578634
Diceroprocta fusipennis - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/113578640
Diceroprocta lata - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/113578639
Diceroprocta obscurior - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/113578644
Diceroprocta ornea - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/113578646
Diceroprocta ovata - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/113578645
Diceroprocta pinosensis - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/113578653
Hadoa hidalgoensis - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/113579672
Hadoa sugdeni - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/113579676
Neotibicen bermudianus - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/113579675

CICADINAE: FIDICININI
Dorisiana amoena - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/113581668
Dorisiana compostela - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/113581673
Dorisiana viridis - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/113581672
Fidicina mannifera
Fidicinoides determinata - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/113581677
Fidicinoides picea - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/113581681
Fidicinoides pronoe
Guyalna panamaensis
Hemisciera maculipennis
Ollanta mexicana - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/113582815
Proarna germari - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/113582814

CICADINAE: LEPTOPSALTRIINI
Neocicada mediamexicana - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/113582816

CICADINAE: ZAMMARINI
Chinaria mexicana - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/113585667
Chinaria similis - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/113585672
Daza nayaritensis - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/113585673
Dyticodopoea signoreti - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/113585682
Juanaria poeyi - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/113585697
Odopoea cariboea
Odopoea dilatata - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/113585699
Odopoea suffusa - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/113585701
Uhleroides cubensis - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/113585706
Uhleroides hispaniolae - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/113585709
Uhleroides sagrae - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/113585712
Uhleroides samanae - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/113585717
Uhleroides walkerii - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/113585718

TIBICININAE
Clidophleps distanti truncata - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/113586983
Okanagodes gracilis gracilis - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/113586986
Okanagodes gracilis viridis - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/113586988
Okanagana arboraria - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/113588049
Okanagana ferrugomaculata - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/113588050
Okanagana ornata
Okanagana rimosa ohioensis - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/113588053
Okanagana yakimaensis - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/113588056
Platypedia affinis - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/113589542
Platypedia falcata - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/113589552
Platypedia mohavensis mohavensis - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/113589550
Platypedia putnami keddiensis - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/113589559
Platypedia putnami occidentalis - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/113589568
Platypedia scotti - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/113589567

I would be happy to upload any of the other photos upon request.
@dan_johnson @weecorbie @roshan2010 @willc-t @easmeds @bugsoundsjc @billreynolds @zdanko @upupa-epops @lotteryd @billhubick @mmmmbugs @udcmrk @jhousephotos @ineeley @magicicada @sambiology @vlnunes @aguilita @ozzicada @cicadamania

ALSO - If you would like to stop getting tagged in posts like this one, please let me know.

Posted on April 29, 2022 11:12 PM by humanbyweight humanbyweight | 8 comments | Leave a comment

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